We had seen that Zhejiang and Guangdong provinces were the most attractive provinces, in particular, because of their economic dynamism in this article. Cities of the 2nd and 3rd categories offer the best growth potential while Shanghai and Beijing limit the influx of external populations. Let’s look at the population growth – permanent residents – of the leading Chinese cities in 2019.
Of the top 10 cities showing the most vigorous growth, three are in Guangdong province: Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Foshan. Two in Zhejiang: Hangzhou, the capital, and Ningbo.
With an increase of 412,200 people, Shenzhen, after taking first place in 2017 and 2018, is being overtaken by Hangzhou, which is growing by 554,000.
Shenzhen recorded slightly higher growth than the capital of Guangdong, Guangzhou, 412,000, compared to 401,000. With a smaller population of 13.43 million compared to 15.30 for Guangzhou, Hong Kong’s neighbor has a higher GDP, 2692 billion yuan ($383 billion) compared to 2,362. Shenzhen has the third largest GDP of Chinese cities behind Shanghai 3,815 and Beijing 3,537.
In Zhejiang, Ningbo shows a steady increase with 340,000 of the population last year against 197,000 in 2018 while Wuhan and Xian are still growing but lower than the previous year. More flexible settlement measures in Ningbo and assistance to attract students and the purchase of apartments partly explain this increase.
With its policy of relieving congestion in the capital, Beijing continues to see a decline for the third consecutive year – nearly 200,000 people in three years.
Population growth – permanent residents – of China’s largest cities, the population in 2018 and 2019 in millions and growth in 2019 in millions :
8 July 2020